microsoft 98-365 practice test

Windows Server Administration Fundamentals

Question 1

A record of specific aspects of system performance over time is referred to as a/an:

  • A. Threshold
  • B. Log
  • C. Event
  • D. Alert


Working with Performance Logs
Applies To: Windows 10, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012, Windows Vista
You can view log files or log data provided by a database in Performance Monitor to see a visual representation of
performance data collected by Data Collector Sets.


Question 2

What permissions are directly assigned to a file or folder?

  • A. explicit permissions
  • B. inherited permissions
  • C. assigned permissions
  • D. booted permissions


Two types of permissions are used in NTFS. Explicit permissions are those granted directly to a file or folder.


Question 3

By default, what port does a TCP/IP printer port use?

  • A. 443
  • B. 8080
  • C. 3128
  • D. 9100


A TCP/IP printer port is used to connect a printer directly to a network. It uses host port 9100 to communicate.


Question 4

Which of the following tools will you use to view information about the use of hardware and software resources of a particular
system in real time?

  • A. Event Viewer
  • B. Performance Monitor
  • C. Server Manager
  • D. Resource Monitor


Performance Monitor is a Windows tool that monitors system and network resources. It is used to get statistical data about
the hardware and software components of a server.
Incorrect Answers:
A: The Event Viewer allows checking of the log of multiple servers. Diagnostic logging helps in figuring out problems on
several servers (with the databases on those servers), and for the diagnostic logging, the user can view event logs with the
Event Viewer in Windows or the Web Event Viewer in SharePoint Central Administration.
C: Server Manager is a primary tool available in Windows Server 2016. It manages and secures multiple server roles in an
enterprise. The Server Manager console allows an administrator to perform the following tasks:
Install Windows Server roles and features. View the Event Viewer logs.
Access performance monitoring tools, Device Manager, Task Scheduler, Windows Firewall with Advanced Security,
Services, Local Users and Groups, Windows Server Backup, and Disk management.
D: Resource Monitor is a suite of administration tools designed to provide a quick overview of a single user interface. It can
be launched from the start menu or from the Task Manager using the Performance tab. Resource monitor displays real-time
information about hardware resources but not software resources.


Question 5

What stores the boot-time configuration data for Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016?

  • B.
  • C. boot.ini
  • D. BCD


Boot Configuration Data (BCD) is a firmware-independent database for boot- time configuration data used by Microsoft's
Windows Boot Manager found with Windows Vista, Windows 10, and Windows Server2008. To edit the Boot Configuration,
you typically use Bcdedit.exe.


Question 6

Which technology provides both e-mail and database services?

  • A. Windows Server Enterprise Edition
  • B. Microsoft Office Communications Server
  • C. Windows Server Essentials
  • D. Microsoft Project Server


Windows Server Essentials (formerly Windows Small Business Server or SBS) is an integrated server suite from Microsoft
designed for running network infrastructure (both intranet management and Internet access) of small and midsize
businesses having no more than 25 users or 50 devices. Application server technologies are tightly integrated to provide and
offer management benefits such as integrated setup, enhanced monitoring, Remote Web Workplace, a unified management
console, and remote access.


Question 7

Distributed File System (DFS) is used to:

  • A. Delegate permissions to a global distribution group.
  • B. Implement parity.
  • C. Group shared folders from different servers.
  • D. Configure spanned and extended volumes.


Distributed File System (DFS) is a set of client and server services that allow an organization using Microsoft Windows
servers to organize many distributed SMB file shares into a distributed file system. DFS provides location transparency and
redundancy to improve data availability in the face of failure or heavy load by allowing shares in multiple different locations to
be logically grouped under one folder, or DFS root.


Question 8

You maintain backup schedules for a Windows Server 2016 server. Some users store vital information on their local hard
You need to include the users data when you perform nightly backups of the server.
Which built-in process should you use?

  • A. Agent backup
  • B. Folder redirection
  • C. Local backup schedules
  • D. System state data backup


Use folder redirection to store the vital information on a network share instead. Then it will be easy to backup this data.
Note: Folder Redirection lets administrators redirect the path of a folder to a new location. The location can be a folder on the
local computer or a directory on a network file share. Users can work with documents on a server as if the documents were
based on a local drive.
References: Folder Redirection Overview


Question 9

Windows Server 2016 is running as the guest operating system on a Hyper-V virtual machine.
You want to enable enhanced keyboard and mouse functions.
What should you install?

  • A. Microsoft Updates
  • B. Hyper-V Server
  • C. Keyboard and mouse drivers
  • D. Hyper-V Integration Components


To get a virtual machine (VM) to work properly, it's critical to install the Hyper-V integration components. These integration
components install agents into a VM that enable a host to successfully back up a VM, recognize when it has gone down,
copy and paste data into and out of a VM, and synchronize its clock to the host. These components are important to
processing a VM's workload: In effect, their installation reconfigures an operating system to make it "aware" that it has been
virtualized, resulting in an "enlightened" OS.


Question 10

Which two specifications are included in Microsoft's hardware requirements for Windows Server? (Choose two.)

  • A. USB ports
  • B. RAM
  • C. Processor speed
  • D. Disk I/O


System Requirements for Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience:
CPU socket

1.4 GHz (64-bit processor) or faster for single core
Memory (RAM)

2 GB
Hard disk

60 GB system partition

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